The backwash (also known as washback effect is the influence that a test has on the way students are taught (e.g. the teaching mirrors the test because teachers want their students to pass).
- washback effect is the outcome of a test or an examination which results either in positive or in a negative way. there are two basic terms of washback effect which is the Positive and the Negative washback effect.Positive washback occurs when there is harmony between the teaching and the students' examination or a class test performance. The Negative washback effect occurs when there is no sink between what is taught and what is performed (such as narrowing down the content).These both types of washback effect influences the teaching as well as the learning process.
Edited By Sharon Grace on 9/12/13