The washback (also known as backwash effect) is the influence that a test has on the way students are taught (e.g. the teaching mirrors the test because teachers want their students to pass).

It is the Students performance which reveals out  the Teaching methodology, Nature of the materials,syllabus,curriculum and and also other factors that are related to the classroom atmosphere etc. All these examples creates an impact among the students' learning process which leads to the washback effect in the language testing.

Edited By Sharon Grace S on 9/12/13

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